Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone

中文名:
哈利·波特与魔法石
作者:
速发彩票开户J.K.罗琳 J.K. Rowling
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哈利·波特与魔法石(Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone)简介:
Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone is the first novel in the Harry Potter series written by J. K. Rowling and featuring Harry Potter, a young wizard. It describes how Harry discovers he is a wizard, makes close friends and a few enemies at the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, and with the help of his friends thwarts an attempted comeback by the evil wizard Voldemort, who killed Harry's parents and tried to kill Harry when he was one year old.

The book was published on 30 June 1997 by Bloomsbury in London, and in the United States under the title Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone by Scholastic Corporation in 1998. It won most of the UK book awards that were judged by children, and other awards in the USA. The book reached the top of the New York Times list of best-selling fiction in August 1999, and stayed near the top of that list for much of 1999 and 2000. It has been translated into several other languages and has been made into a feature-length film of the same name.

Most reviews were very favourable, commenting on Rowling's imagination, humour, simple, direct style and clever plot construction, although a few complained that the final chapters looked rushed. The writing has been compared to that of Jane Austen, one of Rowling's favourite authors, of Roald Dahl, whose works dominated children's stories before the appearance of Harry Potter, and of the Ancient Greek story-teller Homer. While some commentators thought the book looked backwards to Victorian and Edwardian boarding school stories, others thought it placed the genre firmly in the modern world by featuring contemporary ethical and social issues.

Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, along with the rest of the Harry Potter series, has been attacked by several religious groups and banned in some countries because of accusations that the novels promote witchcraft. However, some Christian commentators have written that the book exemplifies important Christian viewpoints, including the power of self-sacrifice and the ways in which people's decisions shape their personalities. Educators regard Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone and its sequels as an important aid in improving literacy because of the books' popularity. The series has also been used as a source of object lessons in educational techniques, sociological analysis and marketing.  从小寄养在姨丈家里的哈利波特,饱受姨父一家人的歧视与欺侮,然而就在11岁生日那天,哈利波特得知了自己的身世,他的生活也随之发生了天翻地覆的改变。原来,哈利的父母是两位巫师,在同黑巫师的较量中被杀害了。
  为了继承父母的遗志,哈利来到了英国一所专门教授魔法与巫术的霍格沃茨学校。进入霍格沃茨魔法学校后,哈利成了格兰芬多学院的一年级新生,与罗恩、赫敏成了形影不离的好朋友,许多成为魔法师的课程正在等着他研习,有飞行课、黑魔法防御术、魔药学与变形术等等,当然还有让所有巫师疯狂的魁地奇球赛。
  在一次与同学的争执中,哈利表现出超乎所有人想象的飞行技能,连他自己都很意外。传授变形术的麦格教授看到这一切后,推荐他加入格兰芬多魁地奇球赛的队员,另一方面,魔药学的教授斯内普,似乎总是对哈利不友善,除了在课堂上刁难他外,还处处找哈利的麻烦,但是,哈利发现斯内普严词威胁着懦弱的奇洛教授,甚至斯内普腿上三头犬的咬痕,更可以证明哈利的推断是正确的:有股邪恶的阴谋在平静的霍格沃茨里悄悄地滋长着,斯内普似乎就是这一切的关键人物……
  于是哈利、罗恩与赫敏这三个好朋友决定一同去探个究竟,阻止邪恶阴谋的发生。这三个格兰芬多一年级的新生,历经重重难关(当然也违反了不少校规),终于发现:这一切的幕后操纵者竟然是看似无辜的奇洛教授!原来被人们称为“神秘人”(You-Know-Who)的黑巫师伏地魔失去法力多年,希望得到能使人长生不老的魔法石来恢复元气。而奇洛被伏地魔附身,变成一个双面人,事事对伏地魔言听计从。哈利、罗恩、赫敏这个“格兰芬多三人组”各尽所能,终于弄清了事实真相,保住了魔法石。哈利自出生以来第二次战胜了伏地魔。
  这部小说的主旨是“勇气”。从头到尾都是过人的胆识支持着主角们的行动。也正是验证着格兰芬多,勇气,胆识,与气魄的精神灵魂。

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